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Children and Adolescents

Image of Kids Playing

Paediatric physiotherapists work with children and young people who have conditions which affect physical development, walking, movement, balance, coordination and posture. We also help children who have conditions that affect breathing.

A child's development is important and there are lots of ways you can help them grow and progress. Check out the links below for information about specific conditions. 

Please only use the video appointment link if you have a pre-agreed appointment from Physiotherapy.

If you have used the paediatric physiotherapy service we'd love to know how you got on.

What is "normal" for my child? Find out more here

Shoulders

Shoulder
Image of  Kids Playing Volleyball

Follow the above link to find out more information about common shoulder problems including:

  • Dislocation / Instability

  • Rotator Cuff Related Shoulder Pain (Impingement)

Click the link below to download an exercise sheet for shoulder pain in children. 

The elbow

Elbow

Follow the above link to find out more information about common elbow problems including:

  • bone breaks (fractures)

  • soft tissue injuries

Image of  Girls Doing Push-Ups

The Wrist and Hand

Wrist
Image of Kids Painting

Follow the above link to find out more information about common wrist & hand problems including:

  • bone breaks (fractures)

  • soft tissue injuries

Hips

Hips

Follow the above link to find out more information about common hip problems including:

  • bone breaks (fractures)

  • soft tissue injuries

You can download an exercise sheet for children with hip pain below

Image of  childrens Gym Class

The Knee

Knee
Image of children's Jumping Game

Follow the above link to find out more information about common knee problems including:

  • Patellofemoral Pain (Anterior knee pain

  • Ligament/cartilage injuries

  • Dislocations

You can download specific information leaflets below

The Ankle

Ankle

Follow the above link to find out more information about common ankle problems:

You can download specific information leaflets below 

Image of Balancing Beam game
  • Acute back pain
    Acute back pain can come on suddenly, or over time and can range from a mild pain or ache to quite severe pain, which can be extremely distressing and can sometimes stop you carrying out your everyday activities. It is often difficult to identify why your back is painful as the pain can come from joints, muscles or nerves being inflammed, stretched or compressed. It can often be caused by lifting or moving awkwardly. However, more often than not, acute back pain comes on without any specific injury to your back. You may experience: Back pain Muscle spasm Stiffness Leg pain (sciatica) Watch the video above to find out how to help with this. For most cases of back pain, X-ray and scans are of little benefit.
  • Chronic Back Pain
    Chronic back pain refers to pain that has not gone away after three months. Like acute back pain, it is usually caused by a strain or a sprain in the back - but the pain and distress can last for much longer and it can have a big impact on your day-to-day life. Chronic back pain can range from a mild pain or ache, to a more severe pain. This can depend on a variety of things, such as how happy you are at home or at work, if you are prone to depression or if you have had back pain before. Chronic back pain usually requires treatment such as medication or physiotherapy. In most cases though, your back will heal itself. It is important that you keep active and continue as normal, but if your pain is severe and persistent then you should seek medical advice for diagnosis and the appropriate treatment.
  • Sciatica
    Sciatica is a pain that travels down from your lower back or buttock, to your foot. It usually happens when the jelly within the discs that separate the bones of your spine (vertebrae) pushes out of the disc and irritates the sciatic nerve. Swollen muscles, joints or ligaments can also irritate the nerve causing sciatica. The sciatic nerve runs down through the back, into the buttock, down the back of the leg and round to the outside of the lower leg and foot. When the nerve gets compressed or irritated, the brain interprets the pain as coming from the buttock or leg instead of the back, where the problem actually is. The pain is often a severe shooting pain, sometimes accompanied with pins and needles or numbness. You should seek urgent medical attention if you experience any of the following: - loss of control of your bladder or bowel - numbness around your saddle (genital) area - problems with the coordination of your steps when walking Sciatica can usually be helped with exercise. If the pain is too severe to exercise, speak to your GP about medication you could take for a short time to allow you to exercise. When you're ready, try to exercise class on the back pain webpage.
  • Spinal Stenosis
    Download an information pack here For more information, see the Versus Arthritis website here
Neck

The Neck

Image of  Kids Blowing Bubbles

Click the above link for common neck problems and how to deal with them.

 

It is really important to help your child buy an appropriate bag for carrying their school work and gym kit. Please read the following leaflet to help you make this decision.

The Lower Back

Lumbar

Follow the above link to find out more information about common back problems:

You can view specific information about scoliosis below 

Image of  Youth Basketball Game
  • Acute back pain
    Acute back pain can come on suddenly, or over time and can range from a mild pain or ache to quite severe pain, which can be extremely distressing and can sometimes stop you carrying out your everyday activities. It is often difficult to identify why your back is painful as the pain can come from joints, muscles or nerves being inflammed, stretched or compressed. It can often be caused by lifting or moving awkwardly. However, more often than not, acute back pain comes on without any specific injury to your back. You may experience: Back pain Muscle spasm Stiffness Leg pain (sciatica) Watch the video above to find out how to help with this. For most cases of back pain, X-ray and scans are of little benefit.
  • Chronic Back Pain
    Chronic back pain refers to pain that has not gone away after three months. Like acute back pain, it is usually caused by a strain or a sprain in the back - but the pain and distress can last for much longer and it can have a big impact on your day-to-day life. Chronic back pain can range from a mild pain or ache, to a more severe pain. This can depend on a variety of things, such as how happy you are at home or at work, if you are prone to depression or if you have had back pain before. Chronic back pain usually requires treatment such as medication or physiotherapy. In most cases though, your back will heal itself. It is important that you keep active and continue as normal, but if your pain is severe and persistent then you should seek medical advice for diagnosis and the appropriate treatment.
  • Sciatica
    Sciatica is a pain that travels down from your lower back or buttock, to your foot. It usually happens when the jelly within the discs that separate the bones of your spine (vertebrae) pushes out of the disc and irritates the sciatic nerve. Swollen muscles, joints or ligaments can also irritate the nerve causing sciatica. The sciatic nerve runs down through the back, into the buttock, down the back of the leg and round to the outside of the lower leg and foot. When the nerve gets compressed or irritated, the brain interprets the pain as coming from the buttock or leg instead of the back, where the problem actually is. The pain is often a severe shooting pain, sometimes accompanied with pins and needles or numbness. You should seek urgent medical attention if you experience any of the following: - loss of control of your bladder or bowel - numbness around your saddle (genital) area - problems with the coordination of your steps when walking Sciatica can usually be helped with exercise. If the pain is too severe to exercise, speak to your GP about medication you could take for a short time to allow you to exercise. When you're ready, try to exercise class on the back pain webpage.
  • Spinal Stenosis
    Download an information pack here For more information, see the Versus Arthritis website here
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